Standards 01 - 08

SARA Standard 001

This document has been developed primarily with a view to achieving uniformity in the management of railway safety both as a general principle and with specific reference to safety management systems.

Key to railway safety management is an appropriate risk management system that aims to ensure that RAs identify their technical and operational hazards and manage the resultant risks to people, property and the environment to a level that is as low as is reasonably practicable.

This approach recognises that, while there is an ideal level of safety, the costs of achieving this ideal might far outweigh the benefits and limit the viability of railway operations. However, it is understood that RAs protect their commercial and social responsibilities by running safe railways.

Railway safety has a relationship with workplace health and safety, and with security, both of which are governed by specific legislation in different countries depending on the country in which the RAs is in. The safety management system is required to take into account the impact of occupational health and safety issues as well as security matters on railway operational safety.

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SARA Standard 002

1.1 This section of SARA 002 gives the generic technical requirements for engineering and operational systems that form part of a railway safety management system which complies with the SARA Regional Safety Policy.

1.2 It is recognized that additional or alternative matters and requirements might need to be considered for each railway application. The level of risk imposed on each operation determines the applicability of each element of the guidelines.

1.3 SARA 002 applies to existing, modified or prospective railway operations. The existing railway operations, for which standards have been established, and which, through the implementation of these standards, have been proven to be safe, are deemed to comply with SARA 002.

NOTE: The cascade of SARA standards for railway safety is diagrammatically represented in annex A.

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SARA Standard 003

1 Scope
This standard covers the asset life cycle components of design, construction/manufacturing and implementation, commissioning, monitoring and maintenance, modification, and decommissioning and disposal.

2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. Information on currently valid national and international standards can be obtained from Standards South Africa.
SARA 001: SARA SAFETY POLICY.
SARA 002: Technical requirements for engineering and operational standards – General.
SANS 10007/ISO 10007, Quality management systems – Guidelines for configuration management.

3 Definitions
For the purposes of this document, the definitions given in SARA 001 AND SARA 002 and the following apply.
3.1 Checkrail
Rail positioned in track at particular locations to guide wheel sets through points and crossings
3.2 Gauge
Distance between the running faces of the two rails, measured a nominal distance below the tops of the railheads
3.3 Guardrail
Rail positioned in track at particular locations to restrict the lateral movement of derailed wheels
3.4 Permissible rolling-stock profile
Outline that defines the limiting cross-sectional geometry for rolling stock and its load including kinematic effects
3.5 Permissible-structure profile
Outline relative to the track cross section that defines the limiting cross-sectional geometry on which no part of any structure or trackside fixture may infringe
3.6 Point and crossing
Track structure that provides for one track to join or cross another

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SARA Standard 004

1 Scope
This standard covers the asset life cycle components of design, construction/manufacturing and implementation, commissioning, monitoring and maintenance, modification, and decommissioning and disposal of rolling stock.

2 Normative references
The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. Information on currently valid national and international standards can be obtained from Standards South Africa.
SARA 001: SARA Safety Policy.
SARA 002: Technical requirements for engineering and operational standards – General.
SANS 10007, Quality management systems – Guidelines for configuration management.

3 Definitions
For the purposes of this document, the definitions given in SARA 001 and the following apply.
3.1 Validation
Confirmation that particular requirements for a specific use are fulfilled
3.2 Verification
Testing and evaluation of an item of equipment or a system to assure compliance with its specification or other requirements

4 General
4.1 Standards and procedures shall be established, developed or adopted, implemented and maintained for the
a) design (see clause 6),
b) operating parameters (see clause 7),
c) rolling stock items (see clause 8),
d) manufacturing (see clause 9),

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SARA Standard 005

This document has been developed primarily with a view to providing RA’s with the minimum requirements to manage human factors (HF) for employees who undertake safety-related work. It is to be read and implemented in conjunction with the relevant national legislation and applicable standards relevant in the country in which the RA operates.

"Human factors" and "ergonomics" are synonymous terms and are used interchangeably. HF/ergonomics focuses on ensuring an ergonomically designed workplace, with tools and equipment matched to human anthropometric, physiological, and biomechanical dimensions. This standard focuses on the management of the following human aspects to ensure safe railway operations:

a) human factors in design (clause 4);
b) physical environmental factors (clause 5); and
c) organizational and psychological factors (clause 6).

The purpose of HF management is to reduce occurrences attributable to human error, by optimizing human capital, and by mitigating the risks associated with HF in the workplace to acceptable levels. It is a dynamic risk-driven process.

Risk assessments for HF management should be conducted in accordance with the risk assessment process as outlined in SARA 001. The RA should follow a systematic approach to manage exposure to physical, chemical, ergonomically, biological, psychosocial, or mechanical stressors, (or any combination of these).

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SARA Standard 006

1 Scope

1.1 Once approved by the SARA Board and acknowledged by the relevant road authorities and implemented by the RAs this standard may supersede and replace existing agreements between network operators (RAs) and the relevant road authorities and private road owners with respect to existing level crossings.

1.2 This SARA standard applies to network operators (RAs), road authorities and private road owners as defined in the relevant national legislation (see foreword).
1.3 It clarifies the role(s) of road authorities in respect of their responsibilities in terms of level crossing safety.
1.4 It applies to proposed new level crossings, and the modification, elimination or decommissioning or re-commissioning of existing level crossings.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. Information on currently valid national and international standards can be obtained from the SABS Standards Division.

2.1 Standards

SARA 001: SARA Railway Safety Management.
SARA 002: Technical requirements for engineering and operational standards – General.
SARA 003: Technical requirements for engineering and operational standards – Track, civil and electrical infrastructure.
SANS 10007/ISO 10007, Quality management systems – Guidelines for configuration management.

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SARA Standard 007

1 Scope
1.1 This SARA standard covers the minimum requirements for operational principles for safe movement on rail. It includes the operational requirements to be complied with to ensure that operational safety is appropriately addressed in all operational circumstances.

1.2 The development, amendment or withdrawal of a train operating standard or procedure comprises the following:
a) Receipt of a request;
b) Initial assessment of the request;
c) Conditions;
d) Exclusion criteria;
e) Approval in principle; and
f) Life cycle phases.

1.3 The following principles and related aspects are applicable in each phase of the life cycle described in this standard;
a) Behavioural principles and related aspects;
b) Communication;
c) Actions before the intended train or shunt movement;
d) Actions during the train or shunt movement;
e) Safety of rolling stock whilst stationary; and
f) Abnormal working and degraded mode.

2 Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. Information on currently valid national and international standards can be obtained from the SABS Standards Division or SARA.

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SARA Standard 008

This handbook aims to provide guidance and information for the utilisation of standards applicable to the transportation of dangerous goods adopted by SARA members in accordance with the provisions of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Protocol on Transport, Communications and Meteorology.

Through compliance with local and adopted regional and international standards, the seamless movement of dangerous goods through borders is enhanced.

The uniform application of this handbook together with the respective legislation of Railway Administrations is intended to improve safety and enhance regional and international trade

2. Scope

This handbook shall be applicable to dangerous goods tendered for conveyance across borders by rail within SADC and is in conformity with International Standards as adopted by all member railway administrations. This handbook shall be used by the relevant authorities and railway administrations and may be used to complement local legislation for the safe transportation of dangerous goods by rail.

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